Cytokines are signalling proteins that are release by immune cells in response to stress on the body. In this study the aim is to evaluate the concordance between cytokine rise (specifically monitoring the following cytokines: Interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, Interleukin (IL) -1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12 and IL-17) and postoperative ileus (a condition where bowel function slows causing build up of faecal matter) following robotic radical cystectomy and the pneumoperitoneum (gas insufflation of the abdomen) pressures that were required intra-operatively.
This study includes patients undergoing radical cystectomy. The study will measure pre-anaesthetic, post-anaesthetic, immediately post-operatively and two further post-operative serum cytokines levels and compare them with the pneumoperitoneal pressures required intra-operatively and the outcome of whether a clinical diagnosis of paralytic ileus was made.
Serum cytokine levels will be taken on five occasions:
1. st Sample (Baseline)-Before induction of anaesthetic
2. nd Sample-Immediately after induction of anaesthetic
3. rd Sample-Immediately post-operative
4. th Sample - 2 hours post-operative
5. th Sample - 1 day post-operative
No alterations will be made to the care of the patient, this is purely an observational study.
From ClinicalTrials.gov, a database of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine. This record may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from the NLM/NIH.