Although combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) could control human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, the persistence of HIV-1 viral reservoir make it extremely difficult to achieving cure of AIDS. The shock and kill strategy has been extensively practiced. The latency reversing agents (LRAs) could reactivate latent HIV-1 and then the reactivated virus could be eradicated. However, no appropriate activator has been found nor manufactured. Our previous work found that the arsenic trioxide, clinically approved for treating acute promyelocytic leukemia,could efficiently reactivate latent provirus in CD4+T cells from HIV-1 patients and Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques, without significant systemic T cell activation and inflammatory responses. In this study, we are going to study the safety of and efficacy of arsenic trioxide combined with cART in 20 HIV-1 infected patients, by observing adverse events,HIV-1 reservoir, HIV-1 load, and some immune index.
From ClinicalTrials.gov, a database of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine. This record may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from the NLM/NIH.