US Clinical Trial NCT03973996

Gut-level Antiinflammatory Activities of Green Tea in Metabolic Syndrome  May 30, 2019

Tea is the most abundantly consumed prepared beverage in the world. Green tea, containing catechins, exerts antiinflammatory activities. However, a fundamental gap exists concerning its intestinal-level targets that can prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS) development and progression. Studies in obese rodents indicate that green tea inhibits nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFκB) activation by limiting gut-derived endotoxin translocation to the portal circulation and decreasing hepatic Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) pro-inflammatory signaling. The objective of this clinical investigation is to establish evidence-based recommendations for green tea, based on improvements in endotoxemia and restored gut barrier function, that promote optimal health. The hypothesis is that green tea catechins function to limit metabolic endotoxemia by ameliorating gut dysbiosis-mediated inflammation that otherwise provokes intestinal permeability. This will be tested by conducting a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized-order, crossover trial in MetS and healthy persons to examine the efficacy of green tea on metabolic endotoxemia. Each treatment will be one-month in duration and separated by a washout period. The anticipated outcomes are expected to be of significance, because they will advance a dietary strategy to help avert MetS complications attributed to metabolic endotoxemia by establishing antiinflammatory prebiotic and antimicrobial bioactivities of catechins that promote intestinal health.