Study location: Minneapolis VA Medical Center
The study is an open-label interventional study designed to inform and strengthen the feasibility of protocol implementation on sub-anesthetic doses of intravenous Ketamine as augmenting strategy of standardized, manually-driven Prolonged Exposure therapy in PTSD.
Timeline: Eligible individuals can expect their participation to last up to 5 months. Compensation will be given for participation per session that is attended. Potential participants will be provided with information about the study and asked a series of questions to determine if they meet basic inclusion/exclusion criteria (e.g., indicators of current PTSD). They will be informed that the treatment involves multiple infusions of sedatives at subanesthetic doses followed by PE therapy. Those interested will be scheduled for an in-person, baseline session.
Voluntary informed consent will be obtained in accordance with local IRB approvals. During the baseline, all assessments, computer tasks, and information on treatment will be explained. Participants will also undergo a urine toxicology analysis during this session. Ketamine infusions and PE therapy appointments will be scheduled within two weeks of the baseline.
The day of the infusion, patients will arrive in the morning after an overnight fast of at least 8 hours. An IV will be placed in the non-dominant arm for medication administration. Vitals will be recorded throughout the entire medication treatment. Subjects will then receive IV infusion of 0.5mg/Kg of ketamine hydrochloride solution over 40 minutes. The dose of ketamine will be calculated by ideal body weight. Any altered sensory or dissociative effects will be measured before and after each infusion. Vitals will be monitored for another hour, until all side-effects have subsided. Participants are required not to drive or use heavy machinery until the following morning.
One day after the infusion, patients will come back for study assessments and Prolonged Exposure therapy with a VA psychologist. PE is an evidence-based psychotherapy for PTSD that is based on the Emotional Processing Theory of PTSD; the four components of PE are: 1) exposure to safe situations, objects, or people that cause distress and are avoided because they are trauma reminders (in vivo exposure), 2) revisiting and processing of the trauma memory (imaginal exposure), 3) psycho-education about trauma-related symptoms, and 4) breathing retraining. Session 1 includes the presentation of treatment rationale and program overview, information gathering, and breathing retraining. Session 2 includes education about common reactions to trauma, rationale for in vivo exposure, and construction of an in vivo exposure hierarchy. The hierarchy includes safe or low-risk activities and situations that were avoided because of their association with the trauma. Throughout the treatment, participants will be assigned homework to confront items on the hierarchy in a gradual fashion, working up to the most anxiety-arousing situations. During Session 3, the rationale for confronting the trauma memory in imagination is presented and initiation of imaginal exposure and processing is conducted. In this procedure, participants will be asked to close their eyes, visualize the trauma, and recount it aloud in the present tense for 45-60 min. The memory recounting will be repeated if necessary to allow total reliving of 45-60 min. The exposure will be audiotaped; participants will be instructed to listen daily to the tape. Sessions 4-10 will be conducted in a similar fashion: therapists review homework, conduct imaginal exposure to trauma memory for 30-45 min, discuss the imaginal exposure, and assigned in vivo and imaginal exposure homework. In the final session, participants summarize learning in treatment, discuss their progress, plans, and relapse prevention.
Upon PE completion, participants are asked to come back for 2 follow-up sessions over two months. Familiar study and PTSD assessments will be administered during this time.
From ClinicalTrials.gov, a database of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine. This record may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from the NLM/NIH.