This is a single center, randomized, 2-treatment, 2-period, 2-sequence, crossover, single dose study design, in which 32 healthy adult subjects will receive one of the study treatments during each study period.
The objective of this study is to determine the bioequivalence of two different formulations of olmesartan after a single oral dose administration under fasting conditions.
The intra-subject variation following a single dose of olmesartan appears to be around 25% for Cmax and around 18% for AUC0-t. Statistically, given that the expected Test to Reference ratio of geometric least-squares means (LSmeans) should fall within 95 and 105%, it is estimated that the lowest number of subjects to meet the 80 to 125% bioequivalence range with a statistical a priori power of at least 80% is about 28. Therefore, the inclusion of 32 subjects should be sufficient to account for the possibility of drop-outs, variations around the estimated intra-subject coefficient of variation (CV) and to conclude in favor of the hypothesis of bioequivalence with sufficient statistical power.
Subject eligibility for this study will be determined at the screening visit and eligible subjects will be admitted to the clinical research unit at least 10 hours prior to drug administration for each study period.
A subject who withdraws or is withdrawn during the pretrial evaluations but before receiving the first dose (the test or the reference product) in Period 1 will not be considered as a drop-out and will not be included in the final database. Standbys should be recruited and available to replace any subject who withdraws prior to the first drug administration. On-study drop-outs will not be replaced.
Altasciences will generate the randomization code with a computer program according to the study design, the number of subjects and the sequence of treatment administration. The random allocation of each sequence of treatment administration to each subject will be done in such a way that the study is balanced. Once generated, the randomization code will be final and will not be modified. Eligible subjects will be randomized to one of two treatment sequences. There will be two sequences in the study: AB and BA, where A = the test product, B = the reference product (see detailed description of A and B items in Section "Arms and Interventions").
For each study period, subjects will receive a single 40 mg oral dose of olmesartan medoxomil (the test or the reference formulation). Study participants will be aware they will receive different formulations of the same drug, without being informed which product (Test or Reference) is being administered.The date and time of each dose will be recorded. For each subject, all scheduled postdose activities and assessments will be performed relative to the time of study drug administration.
Fasting will continue for at least 4 hours following drug administration, after which a standardized lunch will be served. A supper and a light snack will be served at appropriate times thereafter, but not before 9 hours after dosing. Water will be provided as needed until 1 hour predose. Water will be allowed beginning 1 hour after the administration of the drug.
A total of 21 blood samples will be collected (one tube of 3 mL each) in each study period for pharmacokinetic (PK) assessments.The first blood sample will be collected prior to drug administration while the others will be collected up to 48 hours after drug administration.
Given that the parent compound, olmesartan medoxomil, is rapidly and completely converted to the pharmacologically active metabolite, olmesartan, and that no intact olmesartan medoxomil or intact side chain medoxomil moiety have been detected in plasma, olmesartan medoxomil cannot be reliably measured. Therefore, the analyte to be measured in the present study will be olmesartan. Olmesartan plasma concentrations will be measured according to a validated bioanalytical method.
Subjects are to be discharged from the clinic after the 24-hour postdose PK sample collection, and following medical approval. However, they may be advised to stay at the clinical site for safety reasons, if judged necessary by the physician in charge. Subjects will return to the clinic for blood collections at 36 and 48 hours postdose.
The expected terminal elimination half-life observed after a single oral 40 mg dose of olmesartan medoxomil tablets under fasting conditions is 9.4 hours. To avoid any carry-over effect, a wash-out of 7 calendar days is planned between drug administrations.
The decision of which subjects will be included in the PK analysis is to be documented by the pharmacokineticist (or delegate) and approved by the sponsor before the start of the sampleanalysis by the bioanalytical facility. Subjects who are expected to provide evaluable PK data for both the Test and Reference products (based on viable PK samples) will be included in the PK analysis. Concentration data of the remaining subjects will be presented separately. Subjects who do not complete the sampling schedule of one or more study periods may be included in the PK and statistical analysis and bioequivalence determination for only the PK parameters that are judged not to be affected by the missing sample(s).
Statistical analysis of Tmax will be based on a non-parametric approach. Statistical analysis of all other PK parameters will be based on an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) model. Two-sided 90% confidence interval of the ratio of geometric LSmeans obtained from the ln-transformed PK parameters will be calculated.
Statistical inference of olmesartan will be based on a bioequivalence approach using the following standards: the ratio of geometric LSmeans with corresponding 90% confidence interval calculated from the exponential of the difference between the Test and the Reference for the ln-transformed parameters Cmax and AUC0-t should all be within the 80.00 to 125.00% bioequivalence range.
The safety population will include all subjects who received at least one formulation (Test or Reference). Safety assessments will include vital signs, clinical laboratory tests and AE monitoring. Additional safety measurements may be performed at the discretion of the investigator for reasons related to subject safety.The physician in charge will be present at the clinical site for at least the first 4 hours following each drug administration and will remain available at all times throughout the study.
Total study duration: up to 32 days (including screening).
From ClinicalTrials.gov, a database of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, through its National Library of Medicine. This record may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from the NLM/NIH.